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Event Title

valve movement, Increased

Key Event Overview

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AOPs Including This Key Event

AOP Name Event Type Essentiality
5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (5-HTT; SERT) inhibition leading to population decline KE

Taxonomic Applicability

Name Scientific Name Evidence Links

Level of Biological Organization

Biological Organization

How this Key Event works

In bivalves, the muscle involved in valve movement is the anterior byssus retractor muscle (ABRM). This muscle and other muscles can undergo a catch state of contraction, which is characterized by a very slowly decaying force in the absence of stimulation. When contraction of the ABRM (and other catch-capable muscles) is initiated by the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, it contracts actively and remains in the contracted state with minimal energetic investment (Güth et al. 1984; Butler et al. 1998) even after the acetylcholine stimulation has ceased and internal calcium stores are returned to basal levels(Ishii et al. 1989). This unique physiology allows the muscle to maintain a closed valve without depleting energy reserves. In mollusks, the catch state is terminated by serotonin.

How it is Measured or Detected

Methods that have been previously reviewed and approved by a recognized authority should be included in the Overview section above. All other methods, including those well established in the published literature, should be described here. Consider the following criteria when describing each method: 1. Is the assay fit for purpose? 2. Is the assay directly or indirectly (i.e. a surrogate) related to a key event relevant to the final adverse effect in question? 3. Is the assay repeatable? 4. Is the assay reproducible?

Evidence Supporting Taxonomic Applicability