API

Relationship: 1043

Title

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Inhibition, Deiodinase 2 leads to Reduced, Anterior swim bladder inflation

Upstream event

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Inhibition, Deiodinase 2

Downstream event

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Reduced, Anterior swim bladder inflation

Key Event Relationship Overview

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AOPs Referencing Relationship

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AOP Name Adjacency Weight of Evidence Quantitative Understanding
Deiodinase 2 inhibition leading to reduced young of year survival via anterior swim bladder inflation non-adjacent

Taxonomic Applicability

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Term Scientific Term Evidence Link
zebrafish Danio rerio NCBI
fathead minnow Pimephales promelas NCBI

Sex Applicability

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Sex Evidence
Unspecific High

Life Stage Applicability

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Term Evidence
Juvenile High

Key Event Relationship Description

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Evidence Supporting this KER

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Biological Plausibility

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Empirical Evidence

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  • Exposure of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) to the non-specific deiodinase inhibitor iopanoic acid from 6-14 dpf resulted in impaired inflation and reduced size of the anterior swim bladder. Exposure from 6-18 dpf impacted anterior chamber size, but not inflation rates. Exposure from 6-21 dpf had no effect on anterior swim bladder inflation. Together the results suggest the inhibition of DIO2 can delay, although not necessarily prevent, anterior inflation in fathead minnows (Cavallin et al., unpublished).

Uncertainties and Inconsistencies

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Only few studies have been performed, of which none have been published yet.

Quantitative Understanding of the Linkage

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Response-response Relationship

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Time-scale

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Known modulating factors

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Known Feedforward/Feedback loops influencing this KER

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Domain of Applicability

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The evidence for a relationship between DIO2 inhibition and inflation of the anterior chamber of the swim bladder currently comes from work on zebrafish and fathead minnow.

This KER is probably not sex-dependent since both females and males rely on activation of THs by deiodinase for anterior swim bladder inflation. Additionally, zebrafish are undifferentiated gonochorists, and gonad differentiation starts only around 23-25 dpf (Uchida et al., 2002), after the time point of anterior chamber inflation (around 21 dpf).

References

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Uchida, D., Yamashita, M., Kitano, T., Iguchi, T., 2002. Oocyte apoptosis during the transition from ovary-like tissue to testes during sex differentiation of juvenile zebrafish. Journal of Experimental Biology 205, 711-718.