Upstream eventAccumulation, Collagen
N/A, Liver fibrosis
Key Event Relationship Overview
AOPs Referencing Relationship
|AOP Name||Directness||Weight of Evidence||Quantitative Understanding|
|Protein Alkylation leading to Liver Fibrosis||directly leads to||Strong|
|Rattus norvegicus||Rattus norvegicus||Strong||NCBI|
Life Stage Applicability
How Does This Key Event Relationship Work
Liver fibrosis is the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins including collagen. Liver fibrosis results from an imbalance between the deposition and degradation of ECM and a change of ECM composition; the latter initiates several positive feedback pathways that further amplify fibrosis. With chronic injury, there is progressive substitution of the liver parenchyma by scar tissue. Deposition of collagen in the liver progressively disrupts the normal hepatic architecture so that the normal relationship between vascular inflow and outflow is destroyed and the normal collagen content around hepatic sinusoids in regenerating nodules becomes modified.Advanced liver fibrosis results in cirrhosis.      
Weight of Evidence
Empirical Support for Linkage
There is a smooth transition from ECM accumulation to liver fibrosis without a definite threshold and plenty in vivo evidence exists that ECM accumulation is a pre-stage of liver fibrosis     
Uncertainties or Inconsistencies
Quantitative Understanding of the Linkage
no quantitative data
Evidence Supporting Taxonomic Applicability
- Lee, U.E. and S.L. Friedman (2011), Mechanisms of Hepatic Fibrogenesis, Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 195-206.
- Bataller, R. and D.A. Brenner (2005), Liver Fibrosis, J.Clin. Invest, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 209-218.
- Pellicoro, A. et al. (2014), Liver fibrosis and repair: immune regulation of wound healing in a solid organ, Nat Rev Immunol, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 181-194.
- Brancatelli, G. et al. (2009), Focal confluent fibrosis in cirrhotic liver: natural history studied with serial CT, AJR Am J Roentgenol, vol. 192, no. 5, pp. 1341-1347.
- Rockey, D.C. and S.L. Friedman (2006), Hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis, Zakim and Boyer's Hepatology, 5th edition, section 1, chapter 6, pp. 87-109.
- Poynard, T., P. Bedossa and P. Opolon (1997), Natural history of liver fibrosis progression in patients with chronic hepatitis C. The OBSVIRC, METAVIR, CLINIVIR, and DOSVIRC groups, Lancet, vol. 349, no. 9055, pp. 825-832.
- Liedtke, C. et al. (2013), Experimental liver fibrosis research: update on animal models, legal issues and translational aspects, Fibrogenesis Tissue Repair, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 19.