Stressor: 339


Chemical name selected from established chemical ontologies or, depending on the information available, this could also refer to chemical categories (i.e., groups of chemicals with defined structural features known to trigger the MIE).  It can also include non-chemical prototypical stressors such as genetic or environmental factors. More help

Carbon nanotubes, Multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Single-walled carbon nanotubes, carbon fibres

Stressor Overview

A structured data field that can be used to annotate an AOP with standardized terms identifying prototypical stressors known to trigger the MIE(s)/AOP. More help

AOPs Including This Stressor

This table is automatically generated and lists the AOPs associated with this prototypical stressor. More help

Chemical Table

A list of chemicals associated with a prototypical stressor. More help


List of the literature that was cited for this prototypical stressor. More help
  1. Muller, J., Huaux, F., Moreau, N., Misson, P., Heilier, J., Delos, M., Arras, M., Fonseca, A., Nagy, J. and Lison, D. (2005). Respiratory toxicity of multi-wall carbon nanotubes. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 207(3), pp.221-231.
  2. NIOSH (2013). Occupational exposure to carbon nanotubes and nanofibers: current intelligence bulletin 65.
  3. Porter, D., Hubbs, A., Mercer, R., Wu, N., Wolfarth, M., Sriram, K., Leonard, S., Battelli, L., Schwegler-Berry, D. and Friend, S. (2010). Mouse pulmonary dose- and time course-responses induced by exposure to multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Toxicology, 269(2-3), pp.136-147.
  4. Saifuddin, N., Raziah, A. and Junizah, A. (2013). Carbon Nanotubes: A Review on Structure and Their Interaction with Proteins. Journal of Chemistry, 2013, pp.1-18.