API

Stressor: 279

Title

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Bioflavonoids

Stressor Overview

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AOPs Including This Stressor

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Events Including This Stressor

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This table is automatically generated and lists KE’s including this stressor.



Chemical Table

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The Chemical Table lists chemicals associated with a stressor. This table contains information about the User’s term for a chemical, the DTXID, Preferred name, CAS number, JChem InChIKey, and Indigo InChIKey.

Instructions

To add a chemical associated with a particular stressor, next to the Chemical Table click ‘Add chemical.’ This will redirect you to a page entitled “New Stressor Chemical.’ The dialog box can be used to search for chemical by name, CAS number, JChem InChIKey, and Indigo InChIKey. Searching by these fields will bring forward a drop down list of existing stressor chemicals formatted as “CAS- preferred name” “JChem InChIKey – preferred name” or “Indigo InChIKey- preferred name” depending on which field you perform the search. Select an entity from the drop down list and click ‘Add chemical.’ This will return you to the Stressor Page, where the new record should be in the ‘Chemical Table’ on the page.


AOP Evidence

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In-utero DNA topoisomerase II poisons leading to infant leukaemia

Bioflavonoids

Bioflavonoids are natural polyphenolic compounds in a large variety of plant-derived food items. TopoII-mediated DNA cleavage has been linked to genistein, kaempferol, luteolin, myricetin and apigenin (Strick et al 2000; Bandele and Osheroff 2007; Azarova et al 2010; Lopez-Lazaro et al 2010), although the concentrations in in vitro studies have been quite high. It has also been demonstrated that several bioflavonoids are capable of inducing the cleavage of the MLL gene in human cell lines (Strick et al 2000; van Doorn-Khosrovani et al 2007). The in vitro effects of bioflavonoids suggested a possible link between dietary intake and infant leukemia (e.g., Azarova et al., 2010; Lanoue et al., 2010); however until now, epidemiological evidence existing to support or refute such a hypothesis is based on small studies (Ross et al 1996; Spector et al 2005).

Bioflavonoids

Flavones

luteolin, apigenin, diosmetin

Ketron and Osheroff 2014

Flavonols

myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol, fisetin

Ketron and Osheroff 2014

Isoflavones

Genistein

Ketron and Osheroff 2014

Catechins

EGCG, ECG, EGC, EC

Ketron and Osheroff 2014

Isothiocyanates

benzyl-isothiocyanate, phenethyl-isothiocyanate, sulforaphane

Ketron and Osheroff 2014

 

Other phytochemicals

Curcumin

Ketron and Osheroff 2014

 




Event Evidence

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This table is automatically generated and includes the Events with this associated stressor as well as the evidence text from this Event Stressor.



Stressor Info

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Chemical/Category Description

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Instructions

To edit the “ Stressor Description” section, on a KER page, in the upper right hand menu, click ‘Edit.’ This brings you to a page entitled, “Editing Stressor.”  Scroll down to the “Stressor Description” section, where a text entry box allows you to submit text. Click ‘Update’ to save your changes and return to the Stressor page.  The new text should appear under the “Stressor Description”  section on the page.



Characterization of Exposure

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Instructions

To edit the “Characterization of Exposure” section, on a Stressor page, in the upper right hand menu, click ‘Edit.’ This brings you to a page entitled, “Editing Stressor.”  Scroll down to the “Characterization of Exposure”  section, where a text entry box allows you to submit text. Click ‘Update’ to save your changes and return to the Stressor page.  The new text should appear under the “Characterization of Exposure” section on the page.



References

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List the bibliographic references to original papers, books or other documents used to support the Stressor.

Instructions

To edit the “References” section, on a Stressor page, in the upper right hand menu, click ‘Edit.’ This brings you to a page entitled, “Editing Stressor.”  Scroll down to the “References” section, where a text entry box allows you to submit text. Click ‘Update’ to save your changes and return to the Stressor page.  The new text should appear under the “References” section on the page.