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AOP: 496

Title

A descriptive phrase which references both the Molecular Initiating Event and Adverse Outcome.It should take the form “MIE leading to AO”. For example, “Aromatase inhibition leading to reproductive dysfunction” where Aromatase inhibition is the MIE and reproductive dysfunction the AO. In cases where the MIE is unknown or undefined, the earliest known KE in the chain (i.e., furthest upstream) should be used in lieu of the MIE and it should be made clear that the stated event is a KE and not the MIE.  More help

Androgen receptor agonism leading to reproduction dysfunction (in zebrafish)

Short name
A name that succinctly summarises the information from the title. This name should not exceed 90 characters. More help
Androgen receptor agonism leading to reproduction dysfunction
The current version of the Developer's Handbook will be automatically populated into the Handbook Version field when a new AOP page is created.Authors have the option to switch to a newer (but not older) Handbook version any time thereafter. More help
Handbook Version v2.6

Graphical Representation

A graphical representation of the AOP.This graphic should list all KEs in sequence, including the MIE (if known) and AO, and the pair-wise relationships (links or KERs) between those KEs. More help
Click to download graphical representation template Explore AOP in a Third Party Tool

Authors

The names and affiliations of the individual(s)/organisation(s) that created/developed the AOP. More help

Ms Xuan Liu, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, PR China

Dr. Hongling Liu, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, PR China

Point of Contact

The user responsible for managing the AOP entry in the AOP-KB and controlling write access to the page by defining the contributors as described in the next section.   More help
Hongling Liu   (email point of contact)

Contributors

Users with write access to the AOP page.  Entries in this field are controlled by the Point of Contact. More help
  • Hongling Liu

Coaches

This field is used to identify coaches who supported the development of the AOP.Each coach selected must be a registered author. More help

OECD Information Table

Provides users with information concerning how actively the AOP page is being developed and whether it is part of the OECD Workplan and has been reviewed and/or endorsed. OECD Project: Assigned upon acceptance onto OECD workplan. This project ID is managed and updated (if needed) by the OECD. OECD Status: For AOPs included on the OECD workplan, ‘OECD status’ tracks the level of review/endorsement of the AOP . This designation is managed and updated by the OECD. Journal-format Article: The OECD is developing co-operation with Scientific Journals for the review and publication of AOPs, via the signature of a Memorandum of Understanding. When the scientific review of an AOP is conducted by these Journals, the journal review panel will review the content of the Wiki. In addition, the Journal may ask the AOP authors to develop a separate manuscript (i.e. Journal Format Article) using a format determined by the Journal for Journal publication. In that case, the journal review panel will be required to review both the Wiki content and the Journal Format Article. The Journal will publish the AOP reviewed through the Journal Format Article. OECD iLibrary published version: OECD iLibrary is the online library of the OECD. The version of the AOP that is published there has been endorsed by the OECD. The purpose of publication on iLibrary is to provide a stable version over time, i.e. the version which has been reviewed and revised based on the outcome of the review. AOPs are viewed as living documents and may continue to evolve on the AOP-Wiki after their OECD endorsement and publication.   More help
OECD Project # OECD Status Reviewer's Reports Journal-format Article OECD iLibrary Published Version
This AOP was last modified on March 13, 2024 23:16

Revision dates for related pages

Page Revision Date/Time
Agonism, Androgen receptor March 20, 2017 17:44
Increase, Gonadotropins concentration in plasma May 16, 2023 21:50
Reduction,Testosterone concentration in plasma May 16, 2023 21:54
Reduction, Plasma 17beta-estradiol concentrations September 26, 2017 11:30
Reduction, the ratio of 17beta-estradiol/11-Keto Testosterone in plasma May 16, 2023 22:04
Reduction, Plasma vitellogenin concentrations September 16, 2017 10:14
Reduction, Vitellogenin accumulation into oocytes and oocyte growth/development September 16, 2017 10:14
Reduction, Cumulative fecundity and spawning March 20, 2017 17:52
Decreased, Population trajectory April 18, 2017 16:19
Increased, gene expression of AR May 18, 2023 02:05
Agonism, Androgen receptor leads to Increased, gene expression of AR May 22, 2023 21:36
Reduction,Testosterone concentration in plasma leads to Reduction, the ratio of E2/11-KT in plasma May 22, 2023 21:45
Increased, gene expression of AR leads to Increase, Gonadotropins concentration in plasma May 22, 2023 21:37
Reduction, Plasma 17beta-estradiol concentrations leads to Reduction, Plasma vitellogenin concentrations October 18, 2018 11:02
Increase, Gonadotropins concentration in plasma leads to Reduction,Testosterone concentration in plasma May 22, 2023 21:37
Agonism, Androgen receptor leads to Reduction, the ratio of E2/11-KT in plasma May 22, 2023 22:19
Reduction,Testosterone concentration in plasma leads to Reduction, Plasma 17beta-estradiol concentrations May 22, 2023 21:38
Reduction, Plasma 17beta-estradiol concentrations leads to Reduction, the ratio of E2/11-KT in plasma May 22, 2023 21:39
Reduction, the ratio of E2/11-KT in plasma leads to Reduction, Plasma vitellogenin concentrations May 22, 2023 21:40
Reduction, Plasma vitellogenin concentrations leads to Reduction, Vitellogenin accumulation into oocytes and oocyte growth/development March 20, 2017 13:21
Reduction, Vitellogenin accumulation into oocytes and oocyte growth/development leads to Reduction, Cumulative fecundity and spawning March 20, 2017 13:35
Reduction, Cumulative fecundity and spawning leads to Decreased, Population trajectory May 22, 2023 21:44
17beta-Trenbolone November 29, 2016 18:42

Abstract

A concise and informative summation of the AOP under development that can stand-alone from the AOP page. The aim is to capture the highlights of the AOP and its potential scientific and regulatory relevance. More help

This adverse outcome pathway is a further development and improvement for AOP 23 and details the linkage of androgen receptor agonism in female zebrafish with reproductive dysfunction and reductions of cumulative fecundity and spawning as adverse effect. Based on AOP 23,  it also adds some new KEs for the pathway and quantitative understanding for key events through experiments data. This work found that there are some differences and similarities in KEs between zebrafish and Pimephales promelas induced by androgen receptor agonism. The impairments in zebrafish in vivo is connected with androgen receptor activities in vitro by agonism. 

The 21-day exposure experiments to adult zebrafish revealed that female zebrafish showed strong dose-response relationships to the androgen receptor agonism (17beta-trenbolone) at the genetic, enzymatic, tissue, and individual levels than male zebrafish. The quantitative relationships from experiments and evidence analysis revealed stronger evidence of androgen agonism, ar gene expression, circulating E2 and VTG concentrations in plasma, and spawning, while weaker evidence and dose-effect results in GtH and T concentrations in plasma, and oocytes development. In addition, it was the ratio of E2/11-KT rather than E2/T that became an important KE to reveal the transformation of T to E2 when qualitative and quantitative relationship were considered, since T will be catalyzed by aromatase (CYP19A1A and CYP11C1) and transform into E2 or 11-KT.

AOP Development Strategy

Context

Used to provide background information for AOP reviewers and users that is considered helpful in understanding the biology underlying the AOP and the motivation for its development.The background should NOT provide an overview of the AOP, its KEs or KERs, which are captured in more detail below. More help

Strategy

Provides a description of the approaches to the identification, screening and quality assessment of the data relevant to identification of the key events and key event relationships included in the AOP or AOP network.This information is important as a basis to support the objective/envisaged application of the AOP by the regulatory community and to facilitate the reuse of its components.  Suggested content includes a rationale for and description of the scope and focus of the data search and identification strategy/ies including the nature of preliminary scoping and/or expert input, the overall literature screening strategy and more focused literature surveys to identify additional information (including e.g., key search terms, databases and time period searched, any tools used). More help

Summary of the AOP

This section is for information that describes the overall AOP.The information described in section 1 is entered on the upper portion of an AOP page within the AOP-Wiki. This is where some background information may be provided, the structure of the AOP is described, and the KEs and KERs are listed. More help

Events:

Molecular Initiating Events (MIE)
An MIE is a specialised KE that represents the beginning (point of interaction between a prototypical stressor and the biological system) of an AOP. More help
Key Events (KE)
A measurable event within a specific biological level of organisation. More help
Adverse Outcomes (AO)
An AO is a specialized KE that represents the end (an adverse outcome of regulatory significance) of an AOP. More help
Type Event ID Title Short name
MIE 25 Agonism, Androgen receptor Agonism, Androgen receptor
MIE 2143 Increased, gene expression of AR Increased, gene expression of AR
KE 2137 Increase, Gonadotropins concentration in plasma Increase, Gonadotropins concentration in plasma
KE 2138 Reduction,Testosterone concentration in plasma Reduction,Testosterone concentration in plasma
KE 219 Reduction, Plasma 17beta-estradiol concentrations Reduction, Plasma 17beta-estradiol concentrations
KE 2139 Reduction, the ratio of 17beta-estradiol/11-Keto Testosterone in plasma Reduction, the ratio of E2/11-KT in plasma
KE 221 Reduction, Plasma vitellogenin concentrations Reduction, Plasma vitellogenin concentrations
KE 309 Reduction, Vitellogenin accumulation into oocytes and oocyte growth/development Reduction, Vitellogenin accumulation into oocytes and oocyte growth/development
KE 78 Reduction, Cumulative fecundity and spawning Reduction, Cumulative fecundity and spawning
AO 442 Decreased, Population trajectory Decreased, Population trajectory

Relationships Between Two Key Events (Including MIEs and AOs)

This table summarizes all of the KERs of the AOP and is populated in the AOP-Wiki as KERs are added to the AOP.Each table entry acts as a link to the individual KER description page. More help
Title Adjacency Evidence Quantitative Understanding

Network View

This network graphic is automatically generated based on the information provided in the MIE(s), KEs, AO(s), KERs and Weight of Evidence (WoE) summary tables. The width of the edges representing the KERs is determined by its WoE confidence level, with thicker lines representing higher degrees of confidence. This network view also shows which KEs are shared with other AOPs. More help

Prototypical Stressors

A structured data field that can be used to identify one or more “prototypical” stressors that act through this AOP. Prototypical stressors are stressors for which responses at multiple key events have been well documented. More help

Life Stage Applicability

The life stage for which the AOP is known to be applicable. More help
Life stage Evidence
Adult, reproductively mature High

Taxonomic Applicability

Latin or common names of a species or broader taxonomic grouping (e.g., class, order, family) can be selected.In many cases, individual species identified in these structured fields will be those for which the strongest evidence used in constructing the AOP was available. More help
Term Scientific Term Evidence Link
zebrafish Danio rerio High NCBI

Sex Applicability

The sex for which the AOP is known to be applicable. More help
Sex Evidence
Female High

Overall Assessment of the AOP

Addressess the relevant biological domain of applicability (i.e., in terms of taxa, sex, life stage, etc.) and Weight of Evidence (WoE) for the overall AOP as a basis to consider appropriate regulatory application (e.g., priority setting, testing strategies or risk assessment). More help

Domain of Applicability

Addressess the relevant biological domain(s) of applicability in terms of sex, life-stage, taxa, and other aspects of biological context. More help

Essentiality of the Key Events

The essentiality of KEs can only be assessed relative to the impact of manipulation of a given KE (e.g., experimentally blocking or exacerbating the event) on the downstream sequence of KEs defined for the AOP. Consequently, evidence supporting essentiality is assembled on the AOP page, rather than on the independent KE pages that are meant to stand-alone as modular units without reference to other KEs in the sequence. The nature of experimental evidence that is relevant to assessing essentiality relates to the impact on downstream KEs and the AO if upstream KEs are prevented or modified. This includes: Direct evidence: directly measured experimental support that blocking or preventing a KE prevents or impacts downstream KEs in the pathway in the expected fashion. Indirect evidence: evidence that modulation or attenuation in the magnitude of impact on a specific KE (increased effect or decreased effect) is associated with corresponding changes (increases or decreases) in the magnitude or frequency of one or more downstream KEs. More help

Evidence Assessment

Addressess the biological plausibility, empirical support, and quantitative understanding from each KER in an AOP. More help

Known Modulating Factors

Modulating factors (MFs) may alter the shape of the response-response function that describes the quantitative relationship between two KES, thus having an impact on the progression of the pathway or the severity of the AO.The evidence supporting the influence of various modulating factors is assembled within the individual KERs. More help
Modulating Factor (MF) Influence or Outcome KER(s) involved
     

Quantitative Understanding

Optional field to provide quantitative weight of evidence descriptors.  More help

Considerations for Potential Applications of the AOP (optional)

Addressess potential applications of an AOP to support regulatory decision-making.This may include, for example, possible utility for test guideline development or refinement, development of integrated testing and assessment approaches, development of (Q)SARs / or chemical profilers to facilitate the grouping of chemicals for subsequent read-across, screening level hazard assessments or even risk assessment. More help

References

List of the literature that was cited for this AOP. More help