API

Relationship: 1033

Title

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Reduced, Hearing leads to Reduced, Young of year survival

Upstream event

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Reduced, Hearing

Downstream event

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Reduced, Young of year survival

Key Event Relationship Overview

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AOPs Referencing Relationship

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Taxonomic Applicability

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Term Scientific Term Evidence Link
zebrafish Danio rerio NCBI

Sex Applicability

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Life Stage Applicability

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Key Event Relationship Description

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Impaired hearing could result in an impact on ecologically relevant endpoint, such as predator avoidance and prey capture. Therefore, it can be assumed that an affect on hearing could reduce young of year survival.

Evidence Supporting this KER

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Biological Plausibility

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  • In birds, acoustic signals play key roles in territory defense and mate attraction (Slabbekoorn and Ripmeester, 2008).

Roles of Acoustic signaling in fish (reviewed by Kasumayan 2009):

  • Reproductive isolation - among fish capable of generating sound, sound emission during spawning is the most prominent life stage during which acoustic signaling occurs. Includes mate attraction, courtship, establishment of territory.
  • Defensive sounds - fright and stress, alert conspecifics to potential threats.
  • Organization of group/aggregative behaviors
  • Feeding behaviors - in many fish conditioned reflex to the sounds of conspecifics feeding can be formed and cause orientation or attraction of fish toward their source, particularly in combination with corresponding visual stimuli and odors.

Empirical Evidence

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Uncertainties and Inconsistencies

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Quantitative Understanding of the Linkage

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Response-response Relationship

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Time-scale

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Known modulating factors

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Known Feedforward/Feedback loops influencing this KER

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Domain of Applicability

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References

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  • Kasumayan AO. 2009. Acoustic signaling in fish. J. Ichthyology. 49:963-1020.
  • SLABBEKOORN, H. and RIPMEESTER, E. A. P. (2008), Birdsong and anthropogenic noise: implications and applications for conservation. Molecular Ecology, 17: 72–83. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03487.x